Lewis “would bid me study again Chesterton’s Everlasting Man; would anxiously ask if the chaplains had really got it into their heads that the ancients had got every whit as good brains as we had.”
—CHARLES GILMORE, ON C. S. LEWIS (1996)
The Everlasting Man, published on 30 September , grew out of the controversy that had raged between [Hilaire] Belloc and H. G. Wells ever since the latter had published his Outline of History
—JOSEPH PEARCE (1996)
Those who begin to delve more deeply into Chesterton’s life and writings soon learn that his book The Everlasting Man proved a profoundly important catalyst in C. S. Lewis’s return to belief in Christianity.
G.K. Chesterton wrote The Everlasting Man in 1925 as a literary rebuttal of H.G. Wells’ Outline of History in which Wells characterized human life as a seamless extension of animal life. In Chapter 22 of Defiant Joy, author Kevin Belmonte notes Chesterton’s desire to position his book as a counter-point dialog with Wells. One of the most famous passages explores the distinct differences between mankind and animals.
G.K. Chesterton wrote:
It is the simple truth that man does differ from the brutes in kind and not in degree; and the proof of it is here; that it sounds like a truism to say that the most primitive man drew a picture of a monkey and that it sounds like a joke to say that the most intelligent monkey drew a picture of a man. Something of division and disproportion has appeared; and it is unique. Art is the signature of man.
That is the sort of simple truth with which a story of the beginnings ought really to begin. The evolutionist stands staring in the painted cavern at the things that are too large to be seen and too simple to be understood. He tries to deduce all sorts of other indirect and doubtful things from the details of the pictures, because he cannot see the primary significance of the whole; thin and theoretical deductions about the absence of religion or the presence of superstition; about tribal government and hunting and human sacrifice and heaven knows what.
Is evolution compatible with Christianity?
L E A R n M O R E
Kevin Belmonte holds a BA in English from Gordon College, an MA in Church History from Gordon-Conwell Seminary, and a second master’s degree in American and New England Studies from the University of Southern Maine. He has twice been a finalist for the prestigious John Pollock Award for Christian Biography, and in 2003, his biography, “William Wilberforce,” won that award. On several occasions, he has served as a script consultant for the BBC, and also for the PBS documentary, “The Better Hour.” For six years, he was the lead script and historical consultant for the critically-acclaimed film, “Amazing Grace.” He has spoken in a wide array of noteworthy settings, from the Houses of Parliament in London, and gatherings of legislators in Washington, D.C., to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. For several years, his biography of Wilberforce has been required reading for a course taught by David Gergen on leadership and character formation at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government.
Sources & Resources
A quote from Charles Gilmore, commandant of the Chaplain’s School of the RAF during World War II, as cited in Joseph Pearce, Wisdom and Innocence: A Life of G. K. Chesterton (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1996), 311. See also Roger Lancelyn Green and Walter Hooper, C. S. Lewis: A Biography (London: Souvenir Press, 1987)
Kevin Belmonte, Defiant Joy: The Remarkable Life & Impact of G. K. Chesterton (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2011).