Maslow, Abraham Harold (1908–1970). Influential humanistic psychologist, founder of the American Association for Humanistic Psychology, known now as the Association for Humanistic Psychology. Maslow obtained the Ph.D. degree at the University of Wisconsin, was departmental chairman at Brandeis University, and in 1967 served as president of the American Psychological Association. He authored some 150 publications over a 38-year period of productivity, culminating in his final work, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature (1971).
Maslow sought a theory of human nature beyond the interpretation of psychoanalysis and behaviorism. In 1961 he founded, with Anthony Sutich, the Journal of Humanistic Psychology. The humanistic movement within psychology was termed third force psychology, and following the lead provided by Maslow has been concerned with such topics as love, creativity, self-actualization, meaning, responsibility, and values.
Maslow’s perspective has been variously described as holistic-integrative (Bischof, 1964), holistic-dynamic (Hall & Lindzey, 1978), organismic (Misiak & Sexton, 1966), and self-actualization theory (Cofer & Appley, 1964). His classical article, “A Theory of Human Motivation” (1943), was subsequently reprinted in 22 works by other authors. A complete bibliography of Maslow’s works is contained in Appendix E of The Farther Reaches of Human Nature.
J. A. Hammes, “Maslow, Abraham Harold,” ed. David G. Benner and Peter C. Hill, Baker Encyclopedia of Psychology & Counseling, Baker Reference Library (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1999), 724.
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