Thomas Aquinas: High Middle Ages (1225–1274)

SUMMA THEOLOGICA Whether God Exists? (I.2.3) Objection 1. It seems that God does not exist; because if one of two contraries be infinite, the other would be altogether destroyed. But the word “God” means that He is infinite goodness. If, therefore, God existed, there would be no evil discoverable; but there is evil in the […]

Plato: Classical Greek (428/427–348/347 BC)

THE REPUBLIC 2.II Socrates—Glaucon With these words I was thinking that I had made an end of the discussion; but the end, in truth, proved to be only a beginning. For Glaucon, who is always the most pugnacious of men, was dissatisfied at Thrasymachus’ retirement; he wanted to have the battle out. So he said […]


GRACE On the Memorial Service to C.S Lewis Poet’s Corner, Westminster Abbey, 22 November 2013 Holly Ordway Noon-tide on Saint Cecilia’s day, and here In England’s royal church, I sit and watch The winter sunlight streaming in, gold, clear, Silent, pure, almost solid to the touch. Nor is it fairy-gold; it does not fade. For […]


The crib becomes an altar: therefore dies No ox nor sheep; for in their fodder lies The Prince of Peace, who, thankful for his bed, Destroys those rites in which their blood was shed. ~Sir John Beaumont, from Of The Epiphany The Christian season of Epiphany has almost faded into obscurity.  How ironic. The word […]

Under The Aspect Of Eternity

SUB SPECIE AETERNITATIS Dietrich Bonhoeffer From all this it now follows that the content of ethical problems can never be discussed in a Christian light; the possibility of erecting generally valid principles simply does not exist, because each moment, lived in God’s sight, can bring an unexpected decision. Thus only one thing can be repeated […]