. . . bind the task assign’d thee to thine heart.
By ending the slave trade, Britain had become a more enlightened and civilized nation, an example to other nations of the power of principled politics. Many wondered how Britain’s opinion could be so totally changed within one generation. A major reason why a legislated end to the slave trade was possible was the flowering of Wilberforce’s second great object: the reformation of manners.
The goal of the reformation of manners was to turn the tide of immorality in Britain. The profligacy and moral decay that marked the Regency era (when Wilberforce first entered public life) gave way to the moral integrity and concern for others that was a hallmark of the Victorian era (which began in 1837, just a few years after his death). Wilberforce and his fellow reformers were salt and light in their generation, setting on foot an incredible array of charitable initiatives. Their collective legacy turned around a society and a culture.
John 1: 1-5
In the beginning, was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him, and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
A NOTE ON SOURCES
For complete documentation of all sources consulted for this book, readers should consult the first edition (published by NavPress in 2002). Suffice it to say, I have drawn a great deal on the massive five-volume Life of William Wilberforce (1838), written by Robert Isaac and Samuel Wilberforce. John Harford’s classic work, Recollections of William Wilberforce (1864), has also been of great utility, as has Sir James Stephen’s most valuable Edinburgh Review essay.
For other books that have been helpful in the writing of this book, refer to the list in the bibliography that follows.
Lastly, I wish to acknowledge my indebtedness to John Pollock, who allowed me permission to quote extensively from his authoritative biography, Wilberforce (London: John Constable, 1977). I am honored by this mark of friendship and kindness.
Belmonte, Kevin. Travel with William Wilberforce: The Friend of Humanity. Leominster, England: Day One Publications, 2006.
Belmonte, Kevin, ed. 365 Days with Wilberforce: A Collection of Daily Readings from the Writings of William Wilberforce. Leominster, England: Day One Publications, 2006.
Colquhoun, John Campbell. Wilberforce: His Friends and Times. London: Longmans, Green, Reader and Dyer, 1866.
Cormack, Patrick. Wilberforce: The Nation’s Conscience. London: Pickering, 1983.
Coupland, Reginald. Wilberforce: A Narrative. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1923.
Furneaux, Robin. William Wilberforce. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1974.
Gurney, Joseph John. Familiar Sketch of the Late William Wilberforce. Norwich: Josiah Fletcher, 1838.
Harford, John Scandrett. Recollections of William Wilberforce. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, and Green, 1864.
Hague, William. William Wilberforce. (Forthcoming, June 2007). Lean, Garth. God’s Politician. Colorado Springs: Helmers & Howard, 1987.
Newsome, David. The Parting of Friends: The Wilberforces and Henry Manning. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1993.
Patten, John A. These Remarkable Men: The Beginnings of a World Enterprise. London: Lutterworth Press, 1945.
Pollock, John. Wilberforce. New York: St. Martin’s, 1977.
Stephen, Sir James. “William Wilberforce” and “The Clapham Sect,” in Essays in Ecclesiastical Biography, 2 vols. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1850.
Stephen, Sir Leslie. “William Wilberforce,” in The Dictionary of National Biography.
Stoughton, John. William Wilberforce. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1880.
Warner, Oliver. William Wilberforce and His Times. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1962.
Wilberforce, A. M. ed. Private Papers of William Wilberforce. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1897.
Wilberforce, Robert and Samuel. The Life of William Wilberforce, 5 vols. London: John Murray, 1838.
Wilberforce, Samuel. The Life of William Wilberforce. London: John Murray, 1868. A one-volume abridgement of the five-volume Life.
Wilberforce, William. A Practical View of Christianity, ed. by Kevin Belmonte. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2006.
Wilberforce, William. The Correspondence of William Wilberforce, ed. Robert and Samuel Wilberforce, 2 vols. London: John Murray, 1840.
Wilberforce, Yvette. William Wilberforce: An Essay. Foreword by C.E.
Wrangham. Privately printed, 1967.
Wolffe, John. “William Wilberforce,” in The New Dictionary of National Biography.
Kevin Belmonte, William Wilberforce (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2009).